As described previously, an EVO or electron cluster is a collection of electrons that has self-organized into a structure that allows for them to exist in close proximity to each other despite their mutual repulsion (like charges naturally push each other away). The question then becomes, “How do we generate these objects!” A pure genius, Kenneth Shoulders, spent a couple decades, starting around the year 1980, learning how to produce, guide, manipulate, grow, and destroy electron clusters. The good news is that it’s very simple to do so: make a spark!
That’s right — EVOs are produced whenever a spark is made. The vast majority of what you see when you make a spark (such as when you walk across a carpet and then touch a metal doorknob) is not an EVO. Instead, you are seeing the glow of ionized air particles. But you can be certain an EVO was involved. However, distinguishing a glowing plasma from the smaller electron cluster can be challenging . But Kenneth Shoulders designed multiple systems that allowed for the EVO to be precisely produced and identified instead of being lost in a cloud of ionized particles.
The general setup is simple. You have a sharpened cathode (negative electrode), an anode (positive electrode) that doesn’t need to be sharp, an optional dielectric guiding plate between them with a small groove, and a source of high voltage electricity. There are other features of this system I could go into, but for now this will suffice. When you pulse the cathode with high voltage electricity for a short duration, a magnification of the electric field will take place at the sharp tip of the cathode — which can be as simple as a thin copper wire or needle. A portion of the material at the tip will begin to melt and stretch forward (due to electrostatic forces) creating a geometry that will enhance the electric field even more so. During this whole process, that may take place in nanoseconds or less, electrons will bunch up in the very tip of the cathode until what’s called an “ecton” explosion takes place. The electrons burst out of the metal along with a spray of metallic vapor. Simultaneously, the atmosphere in the gap is ionized as well. From this cloud of electrons, positively charged ions, and metallic vapor, an EVO starts to self-organize. This exact process is not fully understood, although there have been many theories proposed. Rapidly, the EVO is born and starts being accelerated towards the anode.
One of many important aspects of the EVO to note is that this electron cluster may contain billions of electrons and a smaller quantity of positive ions, but some unknown feature of the structure is nullifying a huge fraction of the cluster’s mass and charge. This means the entire EVO, including positively charged ions containing the much heavier protons and neutrons, will be accelerated towards the anode for a very low energy cost: perhaps only a thousandth of what would normally be required. On the way to the anode, many interesting things can happen (including the EVO picking up additional matter, shrinking/growing in size, accelerating matter in its path, or boring holes through any obstacles). But things get especially interesting when the EVO strikes the anode. Due to the particles contained in the EVO carrying megaelectron volts of kinetic energy, thermonuclear fusion effects are now possible! Even when they do not take place for one reason or another (such as when a lower voltage was utilized), the EVO can in some cases explode upon impact, instantly dispersing its charge in all directions. For a moment, the anode which is normally positively charged will become negatively charged. This can be detected on an oscilloscope. Or, even more simply, you can tune an AM radio to a frequency between stations and here the crack when the EVO strikes.
More details can be found in many of Kenneth R. Shoulders writings that are available on several websites such as Rex Research. There are countless ways to optimize the effect, but the above should give you a basic outline of a simple setup.